Sunday, 21 July 2019

ARTICLE ON CHANDRAYAAN-2 AND ISRO’s ACHIEVEMENTS AT A GLANCE



ARTICLE ON CHANDRAYAAN-2 AND ISRO’s ACHIEVEMENTS AT A GLANCE






Chandrayaan-2 is India's second lunar exploration mission after Chandrayaan-1 developed by the mission is planned to be launched to the Moon by a Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mark III(GSLV Mk III). It includes a lunar orbiter, lander and rover, all developed indigenously. The main scientific objective is to map the location and abundance of lunar water. Chandrayaan-2 will attempt a soft landing of a lander and rover in a high plain between two craters, Manzinus C and Simpelius N, at a latitude of about 70° south. The wheeled rover will move on the lunar surface and will perform on-site chemical analysis. It can relay data to Earth through the Chandrayaan-2 orbiter and lander, which will fly on the same launch. Launch of Chandrayaan-2 was originally scheduled for 14 July 2019 at 21:21 UTC(15 July 2019 2:51 IST) but due to a technical snag it was cancelled 56 minutes before launch and a revised date will be announced by ISRO. A successful landing would make India the 4th country to achieve a soft landing on the Moon, after the space agencies of the USSR, USA and China. If successful, Chandrayaan-2 will be the second mission to soft land near the lunar south pole after the Chang'e 4, a Chinese spacecraft, which landed in that region on 3 January 2019. Although, Chandrayaan-2 will land at latitude further south.






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